and search of the "mother vessel" .
These actions must be implemented throughout the area as often as marked as the area of high risk.
If the first movie with pirates was a real situation look at this :
I am so proud of this movie and you will see why. Panic and fear in the souls of sailors from the vessel is very high and they fight against pirates and defeat them. All respect for them. I want to say that the only weapons on the ship are water cannons.
After pouring hardener, the paint in use should be completely used. When the available life is past, the paint may harden inside the pot or it may clog the nozzle or hose. Even during a rest, the paint should be used so that no residuel paint is leftover; brushes and rollers should be washed roughly in thinner and then dipped in it. No problem is expected at any temperature if painting is carried out with one hour.
Never mix excessive thinner ( for undercoat within 10%; for top coat within 5%).
There are cases where no reaction takes place when the mixing ratio is innapropriate or the paint is insufficiently stirred. Use a special paint agitator. If a wood strip is used, without any other means, stir the paint sufficiently in the 4 corners and to blend upper and lower layers.
Carefully wash brushes and rollers in thinner up to the interior, or they cannot be used again. After being washed thoroughly, they may be dipped in thinner, fresh water or dried in the shade.
Any surface which is damp with moisture or contains salt content should not ahave paint applied to it, otherwise it will peel off, especially in the case conventional paints. Synthetic Resin paints are a little less affected.
In the case of airless spray painting, a dry film thickness of 300 to 400 microns is generally obtained. A thickness of about 100 microns can be obtained by brush painting. When painting by brush after scalling, it is necessary to aply several coats.
When this type of paint is applied over a synthetic resin paint coat, the undercoat may be dissolved. However, if the undercoat is more than 3 months old, there is no such possibility
This type of paint should never be used bby adding thinner after the available life is over.
When applying primers a few times, their color should be varied every time to eliminate the possibility of inadvertenly leaving out places unpainted.
Here are 2 films with big waves that I was impressed:
I found an e-book. It contains pretty much everything a sailor should know, for those interested can download using the links below.
The Douglas Sea Scale is a scale which measures the swell of the sea and the height of the waves:
Waves are primarily caused by the wind and its action on the surface of the water. Their height depends on how long the wind has been blowing and also on the strength of the wind. Waves formed by the wind blowing locally are termed "sea". Waves formed by the wind blowing at a distance from the place of observation are termed "swell".
Some waves result from earthquakes or underwater seaquakes and on approaching shallow water they become abnormally high and begin to break with great violence causing enormous devastation and loss of life. They are termed "tsunami" and we will all remember the tragic waves caused my a seaquake near Sumatra on Dec 26th, 2004, which claimed the lives of nearly 300,000 people in South-East Asia.
The following terms are frequently used in connection with waves:
- the length of a wave, that is the horizontal distance from crest to frest or trough to trough. If the distances between the crests of waves are far apart, the sea is termed "a long sea". When the crests are close together the sea is termed "a short sea", like for example in the Baltic Sea.
- the height of wave, that is the vertical distance from trough to crest.
- the period of a wave, that is the time between the passages of two successive wave crests or troughs past a fixed point.
- the velocity of a wave, that is the rate at which the crest travels.
|Effects observed on the sea||Effects observed on land|
|0||under 1||under 1||-||Calm||Sea is like a mirror|
|1||1 - 3||1 - 3||0.25||Light air||Ripples with appearance of scales; no foam crests|
|2||4 - 6||4 - 7||0.5 - 1||Light breeze||Small wavelets; crests of glassy appearance, not breaking|
|3||7 - 10||8 - 12||2 - 3||Gentle breeze||Large wavelets; crests begin to break; scattered whitecaps|
|4||11-16||13-18||3½ - 5||Moderate breeze||Small waves, becoming longer; numerous whitecaps|
|5||17-21||19-24||6 - 8||Fresh breeze||Moderate waves, taking longer form; many whitecaps; some spray|
|6||22-27||25-31||9½-13||Strong breeze||Larger waves forming; whitecaps everywhere; more spray|
|7||28-33||32-38||13½-19||Near gale||Sea heaps up; white foam from breaking waves begins to be blown in streaks|
|8||34-40||39-46||18-25||Gale||Moderately high waves of greater length; edges of crests begin to break into spindrift; foam is blown in well-marked streaks|
|9||41-47||47-54||23-32||Strong gale||High waves; sea begins to roll; dense streaks of foam; spray may begin to reduce visibility|
|10||48-55||55-63||29-41||Storm||Very high waves with overhanging crests; sea takes white appearance as foam is blown in very dense streaks; rolling is heavy and visibility is reduced|
|11||56-63||64-72||37-52||Violent storm||Exceptionally high waves; sea covered with white foam patches; visibility further reduced|
|12||64 and over||73 and over||45 and over||Hurricane||Air filled with foam; sea completely white with driving spray; visibility greatly reduced|